Let every American, every lover of liberty, every well wisher to his posterity, swear by the blood of the Revolution, never to violate in the least particular, the laws of the country; and never to tolerate their violation by others.

As the patriots of seventy-six did to the support of the Declaration of Independence, so to the support of the Constitution and Laws, let every American pledge his life, his property, and his sacred honor; let every man remember that to violate the law, is to trample on the blood of his father, and to tear the charter of his own, and his children's liberty.

Let reverence for the laws, be breathed by every American mother, to the lisping babe, that prattles on her lap; let it be taught in schools, in seminaries, and in colleges; let it be written in Primers, spelling books, and in Almanacs; let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in legislative halls, and enforced in courts of justice. And, in short, let it become the political religion of the nation; and Let the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the grave and the gay, of all sexes and tongues, and colors and conditions, sacrifice unceasingly upon its altars.

While ever a state of feeling, such as this, shall universally, or even, very generally prevail throughout the nation, vain will be every effort, and fruitless every attempt, to subvert our national freedom.

- Abraham Lincoln, January 27, 1838
  Address Before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois

Wednesday, February 04, 2009

Looking back at Lincoln: On February 4, 1862

On this day in 1862, President Lincoln addressed the Senate to request that Navy Captain Samuel F. DuPont receive a vote of thanks from Congress for "his services and gallantry" during the Battle of Port Royal.

DuPont commanded the Union Navy forces that captured Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard, enabling the Navy to enter Port Royal Harbor, South Carolina on November 7, 1861.

To the Senate of the United States:February 4, 1862

The Third Section of the "Act further to promote the efficiency of the Navy," approved 21 December 1861, provides:

"That the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall have the authority to detail from the retired list of the Navy for the command of Squadrons and single ships such officers as he may believe that the good of the service requires to be thus placed in command; and such officers may, if upon the recommendation of the President of the United States they shall receive a vote of thanks of Congress for their services and gallantry in action against an enemy, be restored to the active list and not otherwise."

In conformity with this law Captain Samuel F. DuPont, of the Navy, was nominated to the Senate for continuance as the Flag Officer in command of the Squadron which recently rendered such important service to the Union in the expedition to the Coast of South Carolina.

Believing that no occasion could arise which would more fully correspond with the intention of the law, or be more pregnant with happy influence as an example, I cordially recommend that Captain Samuel F. DuPont receive a vote of thanks of Congress for his services and gallantry, displayed in the capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard, commanding the entrance of Port Royal Harbor, on the 7 November 1861.

Washington City
4 February 1862.

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