Let every American, every lover of liberty, every well wisher to his posterity, swear by the blood of the Revolution, never to violate in the least particular, the laws of the country; and never to tolerate their violation by others.

As the patriots of seventy-six did to the support of the Declaration of Independence, so to the support of the Constitution and Laws, let every American pledge his life, his property, and his sacred honor; let every man remember that to violate the law, is to trample on the blood of his father, and to tear the charter of his own, and his children's liberty.

Let reverence for the laws, be breathed by every American mother, to the lisping babe, that prattles on her lap; let it be taught in schools, in seminaries, and in colleges; let it be written in Primers, spelling books, and in Almanacs; let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in legislative halls, and enforced in courts of justice. And, in short, let it become the political religion of the nation; and Let the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the grave and the gay, of all sexes and tongues, and colors and conditions, sacrifice unceasingly upon its altars.

While ever a state of feeling, such as this, shall universally, or even, very generally prevail throughout the nation, vain will be every effort, and fruitless every attempt, to subvert our national freedom.

- Abraham Lincoln, January 27, 1838
  Address Before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois

Thursday, February 05, 2009

Looking back at Lincoln: On February 5, 1863

On this day in 1863, Lincoln -- always paying attention -- submitted a revision to the pending treaty between the United States and Peru:

To the Senate of the United States: February 5, 1863

I submit to the Senate, for consideration with a view to ratification, a "convention between the United States of America and the Republic of Peru, for the settlement of the pending claims of the citizens of either country against the other,'' signed at Lima on the 12th January, ultimo, with the following amendment:

Article 1. Strike out the words, "The claims of the American citizens Dr. Charles Easton, Edmund Sartori, and the owners of the whale ship William Lee, against the Government of Peru, and the Peruvian citizen Stephen Montano against the Government of the United States,'' and insert all claims of citizens of the United States against the Government of Peru, and of citizens of Peru against the Government of the United States, which have not been embraced in conventional or diplomatic agreement between the two Governments or their plenipotentiaries, and statements of which soliciting the interposition of either Government may, previously to the exchange of the ratifications of this convention have been filed in the Department of State at Washington, or the Department for Foreign Affairs at Lima, &c.

This amendment is considered desirable, as there are believed to be other claims proper for the consideration of the commission which are not among those specified in the original article, and because it is at least questionable whether either Government would be justified in incurring the expense of a commission for the sole purpose of disposing of the claims mentioned in that article.

Washington, February 5, 1863. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

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